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Agriscience

See Agriscience Activities and Assignments at bottom of page under 'Documents.'

            

Agriscience is an introductory laboratory science course that prepares students for biology, subsequent science and agriculture courses, and postsecondary study. This course helps students understand the important role that agricultural science and technology serves in the 21st century. In addition, it serves as the first course for all programs of study in the Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Cluster. This course counts as a lab science credit toward graduation and college entrance requirements.  

AGRISCIENCE COURSE STANDARDS

Agriscience Investigation and Overview

1) Synthesize research on the historical importance and purpose of agriculture and agriculture organizations, identifying major events, opportunities and technological developments influenced by agriscience theories and practices.

2) Identify and review general common laboratory safety procedures including but not limited to prevention and control procedures in agriscience laboratories. Incorporate safety procedures and complete safety test with 100 percent accuracy.

Agriculture and Society

3) Gather and analyze information from multiple authoritative sources, such as the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, United States Department of Agriculture website and Tennessee labor data, to summarize the economic impact of the agricultural industry. Describe major career trends in Tennessee, the United States, and worldwide.

4) Determine how a Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) program functions as a method to apply concepts of the scientific investigation process (i.e. conducting an Agriscience Fair project). Compare and contrast the types of SAEs as related to their importance to the scientific investigation process.

5) Conduct a research project or literature review exploring a specific social and/or political impact on the agriculture industry at the local, state, national, or international level. For example, explore how the increase in availability of genetically modified organisms has impacted crop production and the green movement. Summarize findings in an informative essay. Revise, edit or rewrite as needed to strengthen writing.

Fundamentals of Environmental Systems

6) Describe the biogeochemical cycles impacting the agriculture industry by creating illustrative models and informative texts for the following: a. Carbon cycle; b. Nitrogen cycle; c. Oxygen cycle; d. Water cycle

7) Critique the dynamics of biomass and energy flow in ecosystems by analyzing the major components of a food chain. Analyze the structure of the relationships among the concepts of carrying capacity, species populations, and organism interactions within multiple ecosystems and natural habitats.  

8) Produce an informative essay to distinguish between types of pollution and their sources, defining and applying ecology- and conservation-specific terminology. Compare and contrast important connections between pollution and its effects on environmental conditions (i.e. water, soil and air), animal populations, and plant populations.

Fundamentals of Cell Biology

9) Compare basic plant and animal cell biology, including structure and function. Create a visual representation that identifies cellular organelles and major cell processes.

10) Compare and contrast the roles of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids as they relate to cell growth and cell reproduction.

Fundamentals of Genetics and Heredity

11) Determine the significance of and relationships between genes, chromosomes, proteins, and hereditary traits. Analyze the role of genes in determining genetic make-up, gender, and hereditary characteristics. Using systems of equations, explain the variation and distribution of genotypes and phenotypes expressed in plants and animals.

Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology

12) Using graphic illustrations and supporting text, identify and describe major animal body systems (skeletal, muscular, respiratory, digestive, nervous, circulatory, respiratory, and reproductive) to establish a basic knowledge of their purpose, structure, and function.

Chemistry of Animal Digestion

13) Classify the types of digestive systems in domestic animals, and compare and contrast their anatomical and physiological differences. Synthesize research on animal nutrition (using academic journals or publications from Tennessee Extension Service) to produce an informative narrative, including defining and applying nutrition specific terminology, to examine the stages of digestion and associated processes.

14) Use the periodic table and the atomic chart to compare differences between ionic and covalent bonding as related to digestion. Demonstrate an understanding of the interdependence of the complex chemical and biological processes involved in the digestion process including, but not limited to, the following: elements, compounds, mixtures, and acids.

15) Research the relationship between metabolism, energy, and nutrition. Evaluate life stage and activity level to determine the nutritional needs of animals. Differentiate types of rations to maximize animal performance.

Fundamentals of Plant and Soil Science

16) Apply concepts related to the basic cellular and biochemical processes in plants to demonstrate the following:

a. Create a graphic illustration of the parts and functions of plant cells

b. Use quantitative reasoning to balance chemical equations related to plant processes

c. Interpret the role of physics within the cohesion-tension theory and its significance to plant life

d. Examine the roles of photopigments and the effects of different colors of light on plant growth

17) Formulate a hypothesis about the correlation between plant nutrient deficiencies and soil composition. Conduct basic soil analysis to determine the chemical elements and nutritional levels available in soils essential for plant growth. Draw conclusions about the ability of soils to meet the nutritional requirements of plants.

Reproductive Systems

18) Research and develop illustrative models that compare and contrast the reproductive structures of plants, drawing out key differences between sexual and asexual reproduction processes.

19) Describe the structure and function of different seed components and summarize their roles in plant reproduction and propagation.

20) Describe the structures and functions of the male and female animal reproductive systems. Compare and contrast the differences of the reproductive systems between small and large animal species.

Principles of Power and Energy

21) Apply fundamental principles of physics as they relate to agricultural power and technology concepts in order to demonstrate the following:

a. Analyze the relationship between speed, distance, and time

b. Relate the types of simple machines to the law of machines and mechanical advantages

c. Specify groups, sources, and forms of energy

d. Analyze the principle of heat energy and describe the way heat travels

e. Explain the law of conservation of energy

f. Explain the production of energy and relate it to the invisible light spectrum

Fundamentals of Electricity

22) Identify different methods by which electrical energy can be produced. Discuss the safety hazards involved in each method as well as prevention and control methods relevant to electrical power supplies. Justify the use of different precautions for the prevention or management of electrical hazards and evaluate the efficacy of the prevention measures.  

23) Utilize the appropriate instruments needed to calculate and measure voltage, amperage, resistance, and wattage.  

Fundamentals of Engines

24) Apply basic principles of thermodynamics to analyze the function of major components of gasoline and diesel fuel engines.

25) Using quantitative reasoning and employing appropriate unit conversions, calculate horsepower and thermal efficiency in internal combustion engines by creating systems of equations that describe numerical relationships. 

Primary Career Cluster:

Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources

Consultant:

Steven Gass, (615) 532-2847, Steven.Gass@tn.gov

Course Code(s):

5957

Prerequisite(s):

None 

Credit:

1  

Grade Level:

Graduation Requirements:

Satisfies one credit of laboratory science requirement
Satisfies one of three credits required for an elective focus when taken in conjunction with other Agriculture courses

Programs of Study and Sequence:

This is the first course in the

Agribusiness, Agricultural Engineering and Applied Technologies,Environmental and Natural Resources, Food Science, Horticulture Science, and Veterinary and Animal Science programs of study.

Necessary Equipment:

Refer to the Teacher Resources page below.

Aligned Student Organization(s):

FFA: http://www.tnffa.org

Allie Ellis, (615) 253-5207, Allie.Ellis@tn.gov

Supervised Agricultural Experience or Coordinating Work-Based Learning:

All Agriculture students are encouraged to participate in a Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) program. In addition, if a teacher has completed work-based learningtraining, he or she can offer appropriate placement. For more information, please visit http://www.tn.gov/education/cte/wb/.

Available Student Industry Certifications:

None

Dual Credit or Dual Enrollment Opportunities:

There are no statewide dual credit/dual enrollment opportunities for this course. If interested in establishing a local opportunity, reach out to your local postsecondary institution.

Teacher Endorsement(s):

 

(048 and 015), (048 and 016), (048 and 017), (048 and 081), (048 and 211), (048 and 212), (048 and 213), (048 and 214), (048 and 414), (048 and 415), (048 and 416), (048 and 417), (048 and 418), (048 and 449) or (448 and 015), (448 and 016), (448 and 017), (448 and 081), (448 and 211), (448 and 212), (448 and 213), (448 and 214), (448 and 414), (448 and 415), (448 and 416), (448 and 417), (448 and 418), (448 and 449)

Required Teacher Certifications/Training:

None

Teacher Resources:

http://www.tn.gov/education/cte/AgricultureFoodNaturalResources.shtml


Examples of Topic Areas:

Agriscience Terms                                                         Ecology and Conservation Terms

Careers                                                                        The Livestock Industry

Food Chains/Webs                                                         Livestock Selection

The Role of Agriculture in our Economy                          Integrated Pest Management

Conservation of Natural Resources                                  Plant and Animal Adaptations

The Scientific Method                                                    Basic Atomic Structure

Agricultural Technology                                                Elements, Compounds and Mixtures

Principles of Leadership                                                Chemical Reactions

Characteristics of a Presiding Officer                              Acids,Bases and Salts

Parliamentary Procedure                                              Genetics

The FFA Organization                                                  Essential Elements for Plants

Supervised Agriculture Experience Programs                  Plant Deficiencies

Parts of a Cell                                                             Biological Processes of Plant Growth

Livestock Reproduction                                                Plant Diseases

Livestock Current Issues                                              The Internal Combustion Engine

Seed and Plant Terminology                                        Theories of Electricity                                                

Efficient& Effective Use of Tools                                   Public Speaking

FFA History, Structure, and Mission                              FFA Ceremonies

 

 



Virtual Cell Activity: http://www.ibiblio.org/virtualcell/tour/cell/cell.htm




Documents

 
NameOwnerDateAddedSize
Agriculture Careers Activity Ryan Arnett 9/5/2012 35 KB
Ecology Habitat Activity Ryan Arnett 9/5/2012 11 KB
Leadership Readings Ryan Arnett 3/10/2013 181 KB


 
 

 

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